Poetry form that has
specific poetic structure regarding, stanzaic, rhyme scheme or meter
A limerick is a very
structured poem that can be categorized as "short but sweet." They are
usually humorous, and are composed of 5 lines, in an aacca rhyming
pattern. In addition, the first, second and fifth lines are usually 3
anapestic feet (uu/, 2 unstressed followed by 1 stressed) each. The
third and fourth lines are usually 2 anapestic feet.
Haiku: (Closed Form)
Haiku style and format
varies slightly depending on whom one is talking to, but the basic, most
widely recognized form is a 3 line stanza with a 5,7,5 syllable pattern.
An American form of
poetry. Most cinquain poems consist of a single, 22-syllable stanza, but
they can be combined into longer works. A cinquain consists of five
lines. The first line has two syllables, the second line has four
syllables, the third line has six syllables and the fourth line has
eight syllables, the final line has two syllables. The form goes as
2,4,6,8,2 - 22 syllable pattern.
Tanka: (Closed Form)
Tanka’s is an older
than a Haiku. It marks an occasion or moment. A Tanka is usually divided
in 5 syllabic lines consisting of a 5,7,5,7,7 - 31 syllable pattern as
the English form. The Japanese form is written in one straight sentence.
Some American Tanka’s add many stanza’s to the poem.
Renga is a Japanese form
composed by several poets cooperatively. Members alternately add verses
of 17 syllables (5, 7, and 5 syllables) and those of 14 syllables (7 and
7 syllables), until they complete a poem generally composed of 100
verses typically divided into three movements, called Jo, Ha, and Kyu,
which are supposed to have a different tempo and different types of
linking. One poet would write three lines, the next poet would "respond"
to those three lines with two lines of his own, the next poet wrote
three lines in response to the two lines, and so on. Every "link" in the
collaborative effort is subversively connected the prior link.
Ballads are poems that
tell a story. They are considered to be a form of narrative poetry. They
are often used in songs and have a very musical quality to them
Narrative poetry is one of the simplest forms, because there is only one
basic rule: the poem must tell a story. A
ballad is a narrative poem that has a musical rhythm and can be
sung. Narrative poems can be funny, sad, or solemn.
An ode is a poem that
is written for an occasion or on a particular subject. They are usually
dignified and more serious as a form than other forms of poetry. There
are several versions and differing opinions on what the rhyme form for
an ode should be. In light of these disputes, it is of the opinion that
I believe them to be simply a poem that contains some form of rhyming
pattern, which is about a certain subject and contains the word "ode" in
Narrative poetry is one
of the simplest forms, because there is only one basic rule: the poem
must tell a story. A ballad is a narrative poem that has a musical
rhythm and can be sung. Narrative poems can be funny, sad, or solemn.
A dramatic monologue is
a combination of the words dramatic and monologue (obviously). The
"dramatic" says that it could be acted out, and is a form of drama,
while the "monologue" defines it as a speech that one person makes,
either to them self or to another. A dramatic monologue is written to
reveal both the situation at hand and the character herself.
villanelle is composed of for stanzas, beginning with five three line
stanzas, and ending with one four line stanza. There are only two rhymes
in the usual villanelle . The format for the villanelle is 5 tercets and
one quatrain. The first line of the villanelle serves as the refrain.
That line (the refrain) should be repeated in lines six twelve and
eighteen. The third line of the poem serves as another refrain and that
line should be repeated in lines nine, fifteen and nineteen. Both
refrains rhyme with eachother and with the opening line of each stanza.
The middle lines of each stanza rhyme with eachother, so that there are
only two different rhyme sounds (a and b) throughout the entire poem.
A poem modified as a
rondeau, usually having seven lines and always two rhymes, with the
first line containing four syllables repeated as lines three and seven
and the other lines having eight syllables each.. The rhyme scheme is
AbAabbA where A is the refrain. Lines 1, 3 and 7 have 4 syllables and
lines 2, 4, 5 and 6 have 8 syllables.
A French verse poem or
stanza form that consists of eight short lines rhyme scheme of
ABaAabAB (the capital letters indicate lines that are repeated). The
name triolet is taken from the three repetitions of the first line.
There is no set syllable count.
A sestina is a
difficult form of poetry to master. It is made up of seven stanzas, the
first six of which have six lines, the seventh having only three. There
is a very exact and complicated pattern to the sestina's stanzas:
The first stanza is the
defining stanza, and the six words that are used to end each line are
the defining words, as they will be repeated throughout the rest of the
The second stanza is
made by taking the six words that were used to end the last six lines
and using them in a certain order: the last word used will now end the
first line of this stanza; the first word used will now end the second
line of this stanza; the second to last, the third: the second, the
fourth; the third to last, the fifth, the third, the sixth.
For each new stanza of
the first six, the same pattern is continued by using the previous
stanza. For the last (seventh) stanza, there are only three lines, using
the last three ending words, and then having the other three inside each
Example: for this, each
letter represents the ending word of a line:
a b c d e f (first
stanza), f a e b d c (second stanza), c f d a b e (third stanza), e c b
f a d (fourth stanza)
d e a c f b (fifth stanza), b d f e c a (sixth stanza)
a d (1st line of the 7th stanza, "a" must be in the line, but the line
must end with "d")
b e (2nd line of the 7th stanza, "b" must be in the line, but the line
must end with "e")
c f (3rd line of the 7th stanza, "c" must be in the line, but the line
must end with "f")
A fixed verse form of
Italian origin consisting of 14 lines that are typically five-foot
iambics rhyming according to a prescribed scheme.
A closed form of an
intermediate length 4-line stanzas with lines rhyming. The second and
fourth lines of each stanza are repeated to form the first and third
lines of the succeeding stanza, with the first and third lines of the
first stanza forming the second and fourth of the last stanza, but in
reverse order, so that the opening and closing lines of the poem are the
One of the parts of a
poem, composed of two or more lines usually characterized by a common
pattern of meter, rhyme, and number of lines.
Acrostic poetry is a
form of short verse constructed with the initial letters of each line
taken consecutively form words, phrases or a name. The term is derived
from the Greek words akros, "at the end," and stichos, "line."